Alerts

Highly pathogenic avian influenza, (H7N8): USA, first 2016 case

First detection in 2016 of Highly pathogenic H7N8 Avian Influenza (HPAI) has been confirmed by the United States Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS). The outbreak appeared the 16th January, 2016 in a commercial turkey flock in Dubois County, Indiana. In 2015, USA experienced a number of influenza outbreaks (232 outbreaks in 15 states, last outbreak was detected June 17) and Indiana reported one outbreak in a backyard flock affecting 76 birds. Read more »

Rabies (Dog), French Guiana - Reoccurence

A case of Rabies in a 6-month puppy living in Cayenne (French Guiana) has been diagnosed by Pasteur Institute (Paris).

The dog was hospitalized at a veterinary clinic for nervous symptoms (convulsions, aggressiveness, visual loss and difficulties with movement) and died.

The virus isolated is a Lyssavirus, of Rabies virus (RABV) species and of bat rabies type. An epidemiological investigation is ongoing to identify all contacts with humans and other animals. A regulated zone has been established to strengthen surveillance. Read more »

Novel strains of Influenza Swine (USA) - Human case, H3N2v

Center for Disease Control (Atlanta, USA) reported a human infection with a variant Influenza A virus of pig origin, i.e. an Influenza virus normally circulates in swine and not people.

Since 2005, 354 cases of H3N2v have been reported in the US and other variant influenza (H1N1v) have also been reported. Most of the human infections result from exposition to infected pigs and some cases of limited person-to-person spred have occured. Read more »

Blue Tongue (Ontario) - First occurence (OIE notification)

Canada Food Safety Agency has reported to the OIE first occurence of Blutongue virus, serotype 13 in one Cattle farm in Ontario Province. There were no symptoms associated with the detection and laboratory results and epidemiological investigations are supportive of a past infection locally aquired.

The report precises that serotypes 2, 10, 13 and 17 are endemic in the USA.

More inforamtion: read the OIE Report

Follow-up report. H5N2 (Low pathogenic), Belize - No new infected premises detected

Belmopan, Belize:

No new premises positive for Avian Influenza Low Pathogenic H5N2 have been detected since 5 june 2015, when one layer flock situated in a hot spot of a declared infected area tested positive. Read more »

Mexico report Low Pathogenic Avian Influenza (Poultry), H5N2

H5N2 has been reported in one commercial layers farm in Sinaloa State (on the Pacific coast of Mexico) following epidemiological surveillance activities. Low pathogenicity was confirmed at the laboratory with intravenous pathogenicity index.

Epidemiological investigation have been started on farms situated in a 10 km radius distance from the infected farm to test the status. To date, no other evidence of virus circulation has been found.

This virus strain is not new to Mexico and has been reported in the past. Read more »

Avian Influenza continues to spread - January Update

By Pastor Alfonso, CENSA, member of the Avian Diseases Working Group, 24/1/2015

In November 2014 HPAI outbreaks either due to H5N8 or other strains (H5N2) were found in several European countries and in Northern America. This was the first time an AI virus of Eurasian (EA) lineage occurred in the Western hemisphere.

Worldwide situation Read more »

USA becomes the eighth country confirming HPAI H5N8 in poultry

On Dec. 18, 2014, The United States Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) confirmed the presence of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N8 in guinea fowl and chickens from a small backyard poultry flock in Winston, Oregon. The announcement declares that the flock of approximately 100 birds has access to the outdoors and migratory birds frequent a pond and a marsh on the premises. Read more »

EFSA addresses the mode of entry of H5N8 in Europe and further spread

Knowledge on the occurrence of HPAI H5N8 infection in wild bird populations is required to better understand the risk of transmission to poultry and further design of appropriate risk management strategies. Read more »

HPAI Canada (follow-up 2/) - Confirmation of H5N2

In late November, the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) of Ottawa in Canada reported 2 outbreaks of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (H5) in the province of British Columbia based on preliminary testing and clinical signs. On Dec. 9th, the OIE confirmed reports of 3 additional outbreaks in the same province and identified the virus as an H5N2 based on RT-PCR, viral isolation and sequencing, and the IVPI test. Read more »

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